Trauma Center

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The Trauma Center at UofL Hospital has a long-standing history of being the local, regional and national leader for trauma and burn care in Western Kentucky and Southern Indiana. Last year alone, our trauma center provided care for over 3,000 patients who needed the highly-specialized services of our multi-disciplinary Trauma Program. We are the region’s only American College of Surgeons (ACS) Verified Level I Trauma Center for adults and we are one of only two Level I adult trauma centers in the Commonwealth of Kentucky. Additionally, we are the region’s only Level 1 burn unit.

An ACS-Verified Level I Trauma Center means that the institution has achieved the highest level of verification to deliver care to the most severely injured patients who need it most. It means that we are equipped to handle any and all significant injuries in our state-of-the-art facility. We are staffed with an experienced and dedicated team of professionals who are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week.We would like to take this opportunity to thank you for trusting us with your patients and for supporting our program. We realize that we cannot be a Trauma Center without the hard work and dedication of many individuals outside of our organization. Our regional partners, referring hospitals and pre-hospital providers are critical in our mission of providing the best available care to those in our community.

The Level I Trauma Center at UofL Hospital has provided trauma care for more than 100 years. Able to handle any emergent situation, the Trauma Center is capable of treating patients simultaneously by utilizing:

  • 43 patient bays
  • 20 trauma/surgical ICU beds
  • 5 burn beds
  • 6 stroke beds
  • 50 critical care beds

UofL Hospital treats more than 3,000 trauma and burn patients annually; 50 percent of those patients reside in counties outside Jefferson County and its bordering counties. The number of patients seen outside the Louisville area makes the UofL Hospital Trauma Center a critical local, regional and statewide resource.

Check out our 2016 Trauma Center Annual Report 

Emergency Department

As the area’s only Level I Trauma Center, no other facility in the region has the staff, resources and technology to manage the complex medical care a seriously injured patient can require at a moment’s notice. The Emergency Department provides a multidisciplinary approach to deliver optimal care for trauma emergencies.

The Emergency Department is staffed with a team of faculty, emergency medicine residents, physician assistants and a specialty-trained nursing staff that provides emergency services 24 hours a day, seven days a week. We are also the area’s only decontamination facility for chemical and biological decontamination of individuals exposed to hazardous materials.

Trauma ICU

UofL Hospital has two trauma surgical intensive care units (ICU) specializing in caring for the most critically ill and injured patients. By working as a team, their mission is to provide compassionate and evidence-based care to patients and families who have endured a traumatic injury. Each trauma ICU has been recognized by the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) with the Silver Beacon Award for Nursing Excellence.

Nurse Practitioners

The trauma nurse practitioners are an integral and valuable part of the UofL Hospital’s Trauma Team. We have four trauma nurse practitioners that work collaboratively with the attending physicians and surgical residents to ensure continuity of care to our trauma patients. They work closely with the case managers and social workers to help coordinate the discharge process.

During their daily patient rounding, they:

  • Perform medical procedures
  • Monitor patients’ progress
  • Assist in wound care
  • Provide patient and family education
     

Operating Room
UofL Hospital is equipped with 14 inpatient and eight outpatient operating room suites, with two suites dedicated to the treatment of the most critically injured patients.Our operating rooms are fully staffed 24/7/365 and ready for use within minutes of a trauma patient’s arrival.

Trauma Performance Improvement
Our mission as a Level I Trauma Center is to deliver unequaled services driven by evidence-based treatment guidelines, education and research. The trauma service has a rigorous, formal internal performance improvement process that uses a multidisciplinary approach for rapid problem identification, data-driven analysis and resolution of issues within the quality control framework of our institution.

Trauma Registry
Our trauma registry provides the backbone for trending performance and outcome data,data analysis, performance and identification of system-related issues. The registry staff brings a wealth of knowledge with a combined 42 years of trauma data experience. The trauma registry maintains a record for each trauma patient admitted to the hospital.The staff collects over 250 data points of information on each patient, including ICD-9 coding and an injury severity score (ISS).Year-to-year, the registry staff studies the patterns, severity and causes of injuries that affect our community. This information is used for research that will improve care of injured patients in the communities we serve.

UofL Hospital’s Trauma Institute is dedicated to providing educational opportunities for both professionals as well as the community.The Trauma Institute offers a multitude of trauma certification,outreach and injury prevention courses throughout Kentucky and Southern Indiana including:

Injury Prevention

  • Emerging Street Drugs - presentation on which illicit/prescription drugs are on the rise, and the latest findings and treatments for the pre-hospital and hospital provider
  • Risky Business – targeted at alcohol and drug use, distracted driving, speeding and violence
  • Straight Talk - one-day education program for juvenile fire-setters
  • Help Me I’m Falling - fall prevention and education for older adults and adults with disabilities
  • Fire and Burn Safety - for older adults and adults with disabilities to prevent scald/burn injuries in the home or senior living facilities and to review escape routes within their home
  • Safe Boating and Swimming – focused on making safety on and in the water a priority by educating about life jackets, avoiding alcohol and taking a safe boating class

Outreach

  • Kentucky Trauma and Emergency Medicine Symposium – a conference providing the new and emerging trends in trauma care
  • Pre-Hospital Burn Education – burn education and training for emergency medical services personnel on the importance of proper initial burn care and management
  • Geriatric Trauma – education on identifying the unique characteristics and management of the geriatric trauma patient
  • Burn, Blast and Crush Injuries – providing initial care and management of complex patient injuries

Certification Courses
Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) - this course teaches how to assess a patient’s condition, resuscitate and stabilize the patient and determine if a patient’s needs exceed a facility’s capacity. It also covers how to arrange for a patient’s inter-hospital transfer and ensure that optimum care is provided throughout the process. UofL Hospital provides a cadaver lab for the surgical skills portion of the class which has been extremely well received.

Advanced Burn Life Support (ABLS) - provides guidelines in assessment and management of burn patients from the scene of the burn injury through the first 24 hours after injury. The courses are open to MDs, RNs, LPNs, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, therapists and paramedics, fire service and other emergency care personnel.

TNCC (Trauma Nursing Core Course) – Emergency Nurses Association developed this course to establish a standardized body of trauma nursing knowledge. It combines interactive learning with scenario-based assessments to give nurses a comprehensive learning experience.

RTTDC (Rural Trauma Team Development Course) – this course emphasizes a team approach to the initial evaluation and resuscitation of the trauma patient at a rural facility. With more than 60 percent of the country’s trauma deaths occurring in rural areas, the course assists rural health care professionals in determining the need to transfer the patient to a higher level of care. The intended audience includes physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurses, pre-hospital personnel, technicians and administrative support personnel.

UofL Hospital Re-Verified as a Level I Trauma Center by the American College of Surgeons

UofL Hospital’s Trauma Center is verified as a Level I Trauma Center by the Verification Review Committee (VRC), an ad hoc committee of the Committee on Trauma (COT) of the American College of Surgeons (ACS). This achievement recognizes University Hospital’s dedication to providing optimal care for injured patients. Established by the American College of Surgeons in 1987, the COT’s Consultation/Verification Program for Hospitals promotes the development of trauma centers in which participants provide not only the hospital resources necessary for trauma care, but also the entire spectrum of care to address the needs of all injured patients. This spectrum encompasses the pre-hospital phase through the rehabilitation process.

Verified trauma centers must meet the essential criteria that ensure trauma care capability and institutional performance, as outlined by the American College of Surgeons’ Committee on Trauma in its current Resources for Optimal Care of the Injured Patient manual.

The ACS Committee on Trauma’s verification program does not designate trauma centers. Rather, the program provides confirmation that a trauma center has demonstrated its commitment to providing the highest quality trauma care for all injured patients. The actual establishment and the designation of trauma centers is the function of local, regional, or state health care systems agencies.

Our Trauma Center is always looking to improve outcomes using evidence-based practices. These best practices are the results of identifying areas of research or performance improvement from direct patient care experiences. Many of our performance improvement projects develop into research studies that will ultimately improve patient outcomes. This collaborative research project has been selected for poster presentation at the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma’s Annual Meeting. 

Patients who undergo splenectomies during trauma care are at a life-long risk for developing episodes of rapidly progressive septicemia, known as overwhelming post-splenectomy sepsis (OPSS). In an effort to reduce these risks, splenectomy patients are recommended to receive vaccinations against pneumococci, meningococci, Haemophilus influenzae type b and influenza virus. Patients should also be placed on an appropriate re-vaccination schedule and be educated regarding the importance of fever or infectious symptoms given their asplenia. Patients at UofL Hospital are routinely administered vaccines prior to discharge and provided with appropriate education regarding the risks of post-splenectomy infection. This includes a formal conversation from a trauma practitioner, as well as written information provided at discharge. However, since most patients do not follow up with their trauma providers beyond their initial period of injury convalescence, little is known about compliance in regards to post-splenectomy risk reduction over time. Despite uniform education prior to discharge, most patients undergoing splenectomy for trauma at our institution were unaware of the risks of OPSS and did not follow our recommended guidelines for risk reduction. Though OPSS is rare, it carries a significant mortality. Further research targeting methods to improve compliance with recommendations is indicated.

Celebrating over 100 years of service to our community: 1911-2017

1911: Louisville City Hospital starts accident service, representing the first designation in the country of a service whose primary mission was the care of patients with injuries and fractures

1938: Dr. R. Arnold Griswold named Chair of the Department of Surgery and later invented an innovative device for fracture reduction – the “Griswold Machine.” Dr. Griswold also worked with the Louisville Police Department to make station wagon cars available for transport of the injured.

1942: Louisville City Hospital changes name to Louisville General Hospital

1953: Louisville General Hospital treats four victims from Louisville’s first serious airplane crash at Standiford  Field. Of the 41 people on board, 25 die.

1982: University Hospital named Level 1 Trauma Center

1989: Trauma Center treats 13 gunshot victims of (then) worst workplace shooting in U.S. history that took place at Standard Gravure

1999: Emergency Department’s $13 million expansion completed, more than doubling its size. “Room 9” is remodeled, a dedicated room used to treat critically ill trauma patients.

2000: University Hospital’s Emergency Department featured on episode of TLC’s Trauma, Life in the ER

2004: Jockey Tony D’Amico treated in Trauma Center after being seriously injured in Nov. 3 race at Churchill Downs. The 49-year-old rider suffered a fractured left collarbone, four fractured ribs and a punctured lung.

2006: Full renovation of Burn Unit (region’s only adult burn unit) completed. New unit features five ICU treatment beds and hydrotherapy tub.

2015: Successful Level I trauma re-verification visit from the American College of Surgeons

2016: Trauma Program Social Workers added to the Trauma Center team

2017: Stop the Bleed featured as national outreach program

When you, a family member or friend have experienced a traumatic injury, it helps to connect with others who understand.

UofL Hospital’s Trauma Center offers a FREE support group for patients, family and friends; facilitated by our trauma professionals.

Every Wednesday | 1 p.m. – 2 p.m.
UofL Hospital, Second Floor Chapel

Benefits of participating in a support group:

  • Sharing experiences and helping others
  • Feeling less alone, anxious and afraid
  • Gaining support and hope from others facing similar experiences
  • Learning new skills for coping
  • Feeling more in control
  • Helpful tips and resources

If you have questions or would like more information, contact one of our Trauma Center social workers:

Lindsey Journey, MSW, CSW – 502-562-3871
Latasha White, MSW, CSW – 502-217-5295